English Grammar Test 1 | Best Questions For TET, TAT, HTAT Exams

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English Grammar Test 1 English grammar is the set of structural rules of the English language. This includes the structure of words, phrases, clauses, sentences, and whole texts. This article describes a generalized, present-day Standard English – a form of speech and writing used in public discourse, including broadcasting, education, entertainment, government, and news, over a range of registers, from formal to informal.

Divergences from the grammar described here occur in some historical, social, cultural, and regional varieties of English, although these are more minor than differences in pronunciation and vocabulary. Modern English has largely abandoned the inflectional case system of Indo-European in favor of analytic constructions. The personal pronouns retain morphological case more strongly than any other word class (a remnant of the more extensive Germanic case system of Old English).

English Grammar Test 1

For other pronouns, and all nouns, adjectives, and articles, grammatical function is indicated only by word order, by prepositions, and by the “Saxon genitive or English possessive”. Eight “word classes” or “parts of speech” are commonly distinguished in English: nouns, determiners, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, and conjunctions. Nouns form the largest word class, and verbs the second-largest. Unlike nouns in almost all other Indo-European languages, English nouns (with a few uncommon, non-mandatory exceptions) do not have grammatical gender.

Nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs form open classes – word classes that readily accept new members, such as the noun celebutante (a celebrity who frequents the fashion circles), and other similar relatively new words. The others are considered to be closed classes. For example, it is rare for a new pronoun to enter the language. Determiners, traditionally classified along with adjectives, have not always been regarded as a separate part of speech. Interjections are another word class, but these are not described here as they do not form part of the clause and sentence structure of the language.

English Grammar Test 1

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English Grammar Test

Linguists generally accept nine English word classes: nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, determiners, and exclamations. English words are not generally marked for word class. It is not usually possible to tell from the form of a word which class it belongs to except, to some extent, in the case of words with inflectional endings or derivational suffixes. On the other hand, most words belong to more than one-word class. For example, run can serve as either a verb or a noun (these are regarded as two different lexemes).

English Grammar Test 1

Lexemes may be inflected to express different grammatical categories. The lexeme run has the forms runs, ran, runny, runner, and running. Words in one class can sometimes be derived from those in another. This has the potential to give rise to new words. The noun aerobics has recently given rise to the adjective aerobicized. Words combine to form phrases. A phrase typically serves the same function as a word from some particular word class.

For example, my very good friend Peter is a phrase that can be used in a sentence as if it were a noun, and is therefore called a noun phrase. Similarly, adjectival phrases and adverbial phrases function as if they were adjectives or adverbs, but with other types of phrases, the terminology has different implications. For example, a verb phrase consists of a verb together with any objects and other dependents; a prepositional phrase consists of a preposition and its complement (and is therefore usually a type of adverbial phrase); and a determiner phrase is a type of noun phrase containing a determiner.

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English Grammar Test 1

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English Grammar Test

English Grammar Test 1

1 / 15

I'm very happy _____ in India. I really miss being there.

2 / 15

They didn't reach an agreement ______ their differences.

3 / 15

I wish I _____ those words. But now it's too late.

4 / 15

The woman, who has been missing for 10 days, is believed _____.

5 / 15

She was working on her computer with her baby next to _____.

6 / 15

_____ to offend anyone, she said both cakes were equally good.

7 / 15

_____ in trying to solve this problem. It's clearly unsolvable.

8 / 15

Last year, when I last met her, she told me she _____ a letter every day for the last two months.

9 / 15

He _____ robbed as he was walking out of the bank.

10 / 15

_____ forced to do anything. He acted of his own free will.

11 / 15

It _____ the best idea to pay for those tickets by credit card. It was too risky.

12 / 15

They _____ in the basement for three months.

13 / 15

We'll never know what might have happened _____ the email earlier.

14 / 15

If success _____, we need to prepare ourselves for every possible scenario.

15 / 15

______ gifts to the judges.

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